Main Article Content

Prashneel Ravisan Goundar
Ravnil Narayan


Yod dropping belongs to the field of sociolinguistics that relates to the omission of /j/ sound such as in ‘chew’, ‘tune’, ‘music’, and others. In IPA /j/ sound is similar to /y/ as in ‘yes’. This paper looks at yod dropping for males in Fiji between the ages of 18 to 30 years to evaluate whether or not speakers produce a ‘yod’ before a /u/ vowel. The purpose of this research was to look at (i) if people who speak English in Fiji produce a yod or not, (ii) if the speakers produce a yod, is the production of the yod is conditioned by the phonological environment, and (iii) does the sociolinguistic variable of gender, age, and education impact on the production of yod. This study used quantitative methodology where data was collected using audio recording. The participants read out aloud a paragraph in the English language. This paragraph was transcribed in ELAN software where token words were identified and coded. Jamovi software was used in analysing the data and producing graphical representations of the findings. The major findings revealed that out of the 499 token words, 33.7% did not have a yod. However, 66.3%, which is more than half of the data illustrated that they had yod. The results demonstrate that sociolinguistic variables such as age impact on the production of yod. As in this study, only males were employed; their age group played a distinctive role in influencing the data.

JEL Classification Codes: L33, H44, J24


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Goundar , P. R. ., & Narayan , R. . (2022). YOD-DROPPING VARIATION IN FIJIAN ENGLISH: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC INVESTIGATION . American International Journal of Education and Linguistics Research, 5(1), 21–25. https://doi.org/10.46545/aijelr.v5i1.286
Original Articles/Review Articles/Case Reports/Short Communications


Amos, J. (2007). Wadda boo’iful place: an analysis of the variables (ju) and (t) in Mersea Island English. Unpublished MA dissertation. University of Essex, Colchester.

Britain, D. (2011). The heterogeneous homogenisation of dialects in England. Taal en tongval, 63(1), 43-60. https://doi.org/10.5117/TET2011.1.BRIT

Britain, D. (2014). Linguistic diffusion and the social heterogeneity of space and mobility.

Butcher, K.-A. (2020). Dialect Maintenance in East Anglia: Singin’The Same Old Tune. English Today, 36(3), 48-58. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078420000231

Chambers, J. K. (2002). Yod-Dropping in an English Accent (< Feature Articles> Variation of Speech). Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, 6(3), 4-11.

Ellis, A. J. (1889). On Early English Pronunciation: Existing dialectical as compared with West Saxon pronunciation. With two maps of the dialect districts (Vol. 56). Trübner.

Glain, O. (2012). The Yod: Palatalise it or Drop it!'. Cercles, 22, 4-24.

Hannisdal, B. R. (2006). Variability and change in Received Pronunciation. Bergen: University of Bergen.

Hughes, A., Trudgill, P., & Watt, D. (2013). English accents and dialects: An introduction to social and regional varieties of English in the British Isles. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203784440

Kazemi, R. (2015). Yod variation in Australian English: A sociolinguistic investigation. In.

Trudgill, P. (1974). The social differentiation of English in Norwich (Vol. 13). CUP archive.

Wells, J. C. (1982). Accents of English: 2: The British Isles. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611759