American International Journal of Biology and Life Sciences 2021-07-22T11:03:35+00:00 Editor-in-Chief Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Aims &amp; Scope</strong></p> <p><em>American International Journal of Biology and Life Sciences </em>is an internationally refereed journal, published by the American Center of Science and Education, United States. The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download. The subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields:</p> <ul> <li>Hydrobiology</li> <li>Neurobiology</li> <li>Developmental Biology</li> <li>Molecular Biology</li> <li>Biochemistry</li> <li>Biophysics, and Biotechnology</li> <li>Biology</li> <li>Life Science</li> <li>Anatomy, Botany</li> <li>Cytology</li> <li>Genetics</li> <li>Microbiology</li> <li>Physiology</li> <li>Zoology</li> <li>Ecology</li> </ul> <p><em>AIJBLS</em> currently has an acceptance rate of 30%. The average time between submission and final decision is 20 days and the average time between acceptance and publication is 10 days.</p> <p><em>AIJBLS</em> welcomes high-quality original research papers, survey papers, review papers, tutorials, technical notes as well as discussion papers.</p> <p> <span style="color: #ff0000;"><em><strong>It is important to mention that all the works are showed without any kind of payment. All of them are published free from payments or taxes.</strong></em></span></p> ASTERACEAE: A TAXONOMICALLY AND MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT SUNFLOWER FAMILY 2021-07-22T10:24:05+00:00 Farhana Easmin Laila Al Faria Rony Rani A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman <p><strong><em>The Purpose of the research:</em></strong><em> The study aimed to document the Asteraceae species in the study area. The study also examined the species diversity and medicinally important plants. <strong>Data, Materials, and Methodology: </strong>The work is based on fresh materials collected during thirty-six field visits to Paba Upazila of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh was carried out from November 2018 to October 2019 to cover the seasonal variations. Plant parts with either flower or fruits collected using traditional herbarium techniques to make voucher specimens for documentation. <strong>The results:</strong> The result shows in all, 44 species under 35 genera of the family Asteraceae were reported, out of which 40 (90.90%) were used medicinal applications for the treatment of more than 59 diseases. <strong>Major findings:</strong></em><em> The findings of the study that 25% of species were very common, 43.18% were common, 25% species were rare and 6.82% species were very rare in the study area. Mikania cordata</em><em> (Burm.f.) Robinson is the only climbing species. </em><em>Blumea laciniata</em><em> (Roxb.) DC. and </em><em>Wedelia trilobata</em><em> (L.) Hitchc. has been reported for the first time in Paba Upazila of Rajshahi. The present study will help in identifying the major Asteraceae species for further investigation and also beneficial to develop the herbal drug development.</em></p> 2021-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Farhana Easmin , Laila Al Faria, Rony Rani, A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman SOCIO-CULTURAL BINOCULARS VIEW OF TELEMEDICINE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: POTENCY, PROSPECT, DEFECT AND DANGER 2021-07-22T10:35:07+00:00 Caroline Okumdi Muoghalu Sunday Olutayo Fakunle <p><em>Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced unprecedented technological advancement, just like several other regions of the world. This improvement in technology lends credence to the proliferation of android mobile phones, laptops computers and the Internet facilities that enhance interaction on the social media which in turn generates momentous alterations in the ways the residents of the region construct their daily lives. From epidemiological perspective as well as the viewpoint of change and development, via these information technologies, rendering health-related care and services to the residents in the remote places of the region and gaining access to vital information that prompts prevention and control of diseases are now feasible unlike before the advancement. Therefore, telemedicine symbolizes a health innovation in the region. In the light of this, this paper systematically reviewed the extent to which telemedicine has gained acceptance among the residents of the region; and the socio-cultural factors and practices that promote and decelerate the general acceptance of telemedicine in the region. To accomplish the objective, the review was done meta-analytically and meta-synthetically to explore recent relevant studies. The paper discovered that reduction in the cost of gaining access to health information, harnessing online health and medical services, are among the benefits derived from telemedicine while fake online information, impoverished network service delivery, financial incapacity, theft, technical faults, underutilization of the technology devices and cyber-crime are among the factors that militate against wide acceptance of telemedicine in the region.</em></p> 2021-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Caroline Okumdi Muoghalu, Sunday Olutayo Fakunle IMMUNE PROPERTIES IN THE PRODUCTED RECOMBINANT SIP YOUNG 6 HIS PROTEIN FROM THE SEA STAR IGKAPPA GENE THROUGH HEK 293 EBNA CELLS REVEALING AGAINST SPIKE-RBD PROTEIN AND HRP ONE CHANGES IN SEA STAR GENE EXPRESSION? 2021-07-22T10:43:19+00:00 Michel Leclerc <p><em>In 2014 we have isolated and cloned the sea star Igkappa gene which induced an anti-HRP primitive invertebrate antibody. We attempt, in the present work, to produce a SIP Young 6 His protein through HeK 293 EBNA cells after Igkappa gene cloning. This protein bound HRP&nbsp;by the use of Escherichia coli as vector of cloning but</em> <em>not HRP with HeK cells as vector. Is there changes in sea star IGKappa gene expression? We notice also that the SARS-CoV-2-SPIKE RBD Protein didn’t bind to SIP Young 6 His protein when compared to HRP.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2021-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Michel Leclerc STUDY OF SOME ASPECTS OF IL-5 ROLE IN THE ALLERGIC RESPIRATORY PATHOLOGY-ALLERGIC RHINITIS AND ASSOCIATED BRONCHIAL ASTHMA 2021-07-22T10:55:40+00:00 Kremena Naydenova Vasil Dimitrov Tsvetelina V. Velikova <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> A lot of evidence exists on the relationship between the upper and lower respiratory airways based on epidemiological, clinical, and pathophysiological levels. However, new aspects of allergic inflammation and released cytokines play a crucial role in this interaction. This study aims to explore the role and involvement of IL-5 in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and newly diagnosed allergic bronchial asthma (BA) with a mild course, manifested after many years of previous persistent AR.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> This prospective study included 67 patients with allergic inflammation of the upper respiratory airways, manifested by AR, and involvement of the lower airways, clinically presented as mild atopic BA, recruited between 2020 and 2021.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> AR patients were 35 (40.23%), and patients with a combination of AR and newly diagnosed BA - 32 (36.78%). Twenty healthy controls (22.99%) were also included. The most common type of sensitization was to grass pollen 43 (64%) and tree pollen - birch 32 (48%). We did not find significant differences between the serum levels of healthy individuals and patients included in the study. No associations between the IL-5 levels and parameters of functional lung tests or skin prick tests were found. However, we have identified the following dependencies: IL-5 levels were lower in the patients than in the healthy subjects; however, non-significantly. This difference is more prominent when comparing the AR group of patients to the AR with BA group. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions:</em></strong><em> Despite the known role and active involvement of IL-5 in allergic diseases, not always IL-5 levels can be found elevated in serum samples of AR and AR with BA patients. Therefore, other mechanisms may play a significant role in airway inflammation, primarily when one allergic disease occurs after another.</em></p> 2021-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Kremena Naydenova, Vasil Dimitrov, Tsvetelina V. Velikova HEALTH RISK MANAGEMENT IN KINDERGARTENS, SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES, DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A HEURISTIC FRAMEWORK 2021-07-22T11:03:35+00:00 Latchezar P. Tomov Tsvetelina V. Velikova Hristiana M. Batselova <p><em>The SARS-COV-2 pandemic, causing COVID-19 had a specific pattern of spread in Bulgaria during several waves from 15.06.2020 to 31.03.2021. The measures, which the health authorities took to prevent the spread in the kindergarten and schools, combined with several other factors, specific for Bulgaria made them the main driver of the pandemic. In this article we propose</em> <em>heuristic framework as a strategy for health risk management, based on the properties of the virus and the properties of children’s immune system.</em></p> 2021-05-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Latchezar P. Tomov, Tsvetelina V. Velikova, Hristiana M. Batselova