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Md. Iftakharul Muhib
Rifat Akter
Md. Humaun Kabir
Md. Shamim Rayhan
Md. Shawkut Ali Khan


This study investigates the present COVID-19-related medical waste generation scenario and suggests a way forward from the perspective of lower-middle-income countries like Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a densely populated vulnerable country in the perspective of the COVID-19 induced biomedical waste management field. The pandemic COVID-19 has already created enormous instability in healthcare waste handling and subsequent recycling around the world. The medical waste management sector in Bangladesh is struggling and COVID-19 makes the situation even more complicated. A rigorous time-series calculation was done to determine the facemask and medical waste load during COVID-19 in Bangladesh from March 8, 2020, to September 13, 2021 period. Results showed that about 1,58,10,400 pieces of facemask are disposed of alone in different urban areas which is equivalent to 517 tons of solid waste while extra 5,203 tons of biomedical waste is added every day to regular waste streams during this pandemic. The findings of this study suggest that these extra tons of hazardous waste threaten the aquaculture of the country and promote the risk of contagious diseases to the waste workers especially women and as well as at the community level. The findings also reveal that this pandemic has already created a hindrance to achieving the country’s SDGs by 2020.

JEL Classification Codes: L65, Q53.


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How to Cite
Muhib , M. I. ., Akter, R. ., Kabir , M. H. ., Rayhan , M. S. ., & Khan , M. S. A. . (2021). DISSEMINATING THE BIOMEDICAL WASTE GENERATION SCENARIO DURING COVID-19: AN OVERVIEW FROM THE LOWER MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY BANGLADESH. American International Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2(1), 7–14. https://doi.org/10.46545/aijnep.v2i1.247
Original Articles/Review Articles/Case Reports/Short Communications
Author Biographies

Md. Iftakharul Muhib , City University, Bangladesh

Assistant Professor, General Education Department, Faculty of Science and Engineering, City University, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

Rifat Akter, Jagannath University, Bangladesh

M.Sc., Department of Microbiology, Jagannath University, Dhaka-1100, Bangladesh

Md. Humaun Kabir , City University, Bangladesh

Professor & Engineer, Department of Textile Engineering, City University, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

Md. Shamim Rayhan , City University, Bangladesh

Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh

Md. Shawkut Ali Khan , City University, Bangladesh

Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh


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